Cancer Screening List

Screening for cancer first improves your chances of survival.

Cancer Screening or Cancer Early Detection is a popular cancer treatment because it is a screening test to look for cancer from pre-disease to early stages. As a result, cancer survival rates after treatment increase or can reduce cancer mortality rates even more.


  1. AFP (Alpha-fetoprotein) examines liver cancer markers.
  2. CEA (Carcinoembrionic Antigen) Examines Bowel Cancer Markers
  3. CA 19-9 Carbohydrate Antigen Pancreatic Cancer Markers Examination
  4. CA 125 (Ovarian Cancer) Ovarian Cancer Indications
  5. CA 15-3 Breast Cancer Screening for Breast Cancer Markers
  6. PSA (Prostate-Specific Antigen) , Free PSA Prostate Cancer Markers
  7. NSE (Neuron-Specific Enolase) Lung Cancer Markers
  8. Telomere Length, a measure of telomere length
  9. NK cell activity

The Importance of Cancer Screening

Although cancer is a terrible disease in most people’s minds, there are many cancers that can be cured. Importantly, there are a large number of cancer survivors in developed countries such as Europe and the Americas. The survey found that the mortality rate of cancer patients has decreased due to modern cancer treatment science, combined with advances in various cancer screening tools as well as gene-level testing, making it possible to detect abnormal cell formations faster before cells deform into cancer cells. As a result, the chances of treatment are greater.

“Cancer” How does this disease occur?

Cancer is caused by mutations in genes or genetic material contained in the cells, causing the cells to look abnormally different from normal cells. As a result, the body cannot control and can live longer than normal cells. These cells spread throughout the body. As a result, the organs in the body malfunction and eventually cause death. Although cancer screening is not yet possible for all types of cancer. Many diseases may not be detectable, and current cancers that can be screened for cancer such as breast cancer, colorectal cancer, cervical cancer, etc. as follows
    • Breast Cancer Screening
Detection of cancer cells by X-ray, also known as mammogram, patients with breast cancer risk factors include menstruation at a young age. No child has ever received breast irradiation, which doctors have recommended to patients aged 50 years or older. Visit your doctor for screening.
    • Cervical Cancer Screening
It is an internal examination, also known as a pap smear (Pap Test), to detect abnormalities in the cells of the cervix.
    • Colorectal Cancer Screening
By endoscopic examination of the inside of the intestine. Patients at risk of developing colorectal cancer can be found at any age, which is more common among people aged 50 years and onwards.

Does cancer screening have side effects?

The impact of cancer screening depends on how cancer screening is performed, such as:
    • Breast cancer screening or mammogram The patient may experience mild pain while undergoing the screening, which is the effect of squeezing the X-ray machine.
    • Colorectal cancer screening as it is an endoscopic examination. Therefore, the patient must be prepared before the examination, i.e. the intestines must be cleaned by taking laxatives to remove all the feces in the intestines, which may cause exhaustion in the patient.

Did you know? The risk of developing the disease between males and females varies.

Cancer screening in males and females carries different risks, such as breast cancer. Males are also at risk for breast cancer, but females are at greater risk. Colorectal cancer can be of both genders, and doctors often recommend patients aged 50 years or older. Classified as a high-risk patient You should come to see a doctor for cancer screening.

Cancer Screening

Cancer screening is a measure to find early stages of cancer in people who do not yet have symptoms of the disease. It aims to reduce mortality and illness from cancer. Screening for specific cancer is an accepted and very useful method for screening cancer among people who are at risk or anxious to develop cancer. At the same time, if cancer is discovered at an early stage, it can help patients recover from cancer at high rates and make people with cancer live long life in quality as well. The World Health Organization recommends early screening for cancer, even if it does not have any symptoms. This is to be able to detect abnormalities early, making treatment possible correctly. Efficient and timely

The 7 danger signs

The 7 dangerous signs to see a doctor are:
  1. There is blood or irregularities in the body, such as excessive vaginal discharge.
  2. Nodules or blisters are formed somewhere on the body, and the lump grows unusually fast.
  3. There are chronic lesions.
  4. Defecation, urination, irregularities or changes.
  5. Hoarseness, chronic cough.
  6. Difficulty swallowing, loss of appetite, weight loss.
  7. There are changes in warts, moles, nevus, such as abnormal growth.

Cervical Cancer

  • Clinical evidence from the World Health Organization suggests that women between the ages of 21 and 65 should be tested for cervical cancer. Every 3 – 5 years to reduce violence and mortality (Ref : IARC, 2005 and Sankaranarayanan et al., 2007)
  • The American Cancer Society recommends that women who have previously been vaccinated against cervical cancer should be tested for the same likelihood of developing the disease as women who have never been vaccinated. (Ref: American Cancer Society 2015)

Prostate Cancer

  • The American Cancer Society recommends screening for prostate cancer by detecting PSA in the blood or/or palpation of fingers in men over the age of 45, especially those with a family history (father or brother/ brother) with prostate cancer before the age of 65.

Lung Cancer

  • The American Cancer Society recommends that people who smoke heavily (more than 30 packs – year*) and are still smoking, or who have smoked but have quit within the past 15 years, aged 55 years or older, must be screened for lung cancer, especially low-dose computed tomography on the chest every year (*number of packs – year = number of packs of cigarettes smoked per day X number of years smoked).

Colon cancer and straight bowel cancer

According to the recommendations of The American Cancer Society and the National Cancer Institute, women and men over the age of 50 should begin screening for straight colon cancer with gastrointestinal endoscopy (sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy) at least every 5–10 years.

Liver Cancer

There is medical evidence in the epidemic that chronic hepatitis C infection is the leading cause of liver cancer. Therefore, anti-HCV detection can be used to assess the risk and monitor liver cancer.

Ovarian cancer

Currently, the detection of CA 12-5 and HE4 cancer markers in the bloodstream is medically accepted for use in early diagnosis of ovarian cancer, compared to normal women, approximately 80 – 85% of women with ovarian cancer have higher levels of CA 12-5 and HE4. When it comes to cancer, many people may be nervous, not least because cancer is a disease that can occur in people of all ages and usually spreads quickly. Currently, medical practices have developed technologies for cancer screening. This makes it possible to find early stages of cancer. It helps prevent cancer cells from spreading, increasing the chances of treatment.

Pre-screening preparation

Cervical Cancer
    • Examination a week after menopause.
    • Before receiving the examination, patients should refrain from having sexual intercourse, vaginal suppositories, or vaginal enemas for 24-48 hours.
Breast cancer
    • Food and drinks can be enjoyed as usual.
    • Lotions, talcum powders, as well as sprays should not be applied to the breast and armpits. These can cause spots on the image, causing misdiagnosis.
    • If you’ve checked a mammogram before. The results of the examination should be taken to compare the differences.
Colon Cancer
    • Do not eat or control your diet before getting tested.
    • Eat foods with less fiber and take laxatives to drive things out of the colon.
“Cancer depends on the person, it may be genetically related or family, so we ourselves are at risk of developing cancer, and people who do not have a history of cancer at all are not at risk, so we should take care of our physical health by checking up annually.


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